Tiji festival of Upper Mustang trekking region is an almost unknown celebration that most of Nepal trekkers never experience. It is normally falls in the month of May and June according to Tibetan lunar calendar. This year outstanding Tiji festival is going to celebrate in the month of May. This year the festival date is 27th May, 28th May and 29th of May 2022. The tourist and trekkers to Upper Mustang region are always keen to participate once for this amazing celebration. We Himalayan Mentor, a local trekking agency offers you to enjoy and be witness to this sacred festival for an unforgettable experience in the high Himalayan remote region of Upper Mustang.
Tiji Festival takes place for celebration at ancient walled city of Lo Manthang in Upper Mustang. A huge mass of Trans Himalayan Tibetan origin group people gather once a year to celebrate Tiji festival. The Tiji festival myth related to deity named Dorje Zon who fights with demon father to save the kingdom from destruction. The Tiji celebration follows wonderful tradition of mask dance reflection of ancient Buddhism teaching of Guru Rinpoche Vajrayana sect.
Historical Description of Teeji (Tenchi festival) Upper Mustang
The Teeji festival also known as Tenchi Festival is the most popular festival of Lo Tsho Dyun. Historically, it started celebrating since the early 15th century. The festival is celebrated over three days to mark the killing of a demon by Dorj Sonny, the demon’s son. Tenchi is derived of the Tibetan word “Tempa Chirim”, meaning a prayer for world peace.
The festival was introduced by Reverent Khenchen Sonam Lhundrup, son of the second King of Mustang. Celebration of the festival discontinued for some years and it was reintroduced again in 1963. According to mythology, one can speak with the power of God. It is celebrated continuously for the prosperity and growth of Buddhism, and to eliminate obstacles from all creatures.
The people of Upper Mustang believe failing to celebrate the festival brings pain , hardship and causes natural calamities to human life.Festival mainly focuses in the flourishing of peace and bring harmony to our vast universe. These kind of virtuous deeds are good factors in bringing peace and prosperity in our universe.
The festival is celebrated on the fifth month of the Tibetan calendar, which unusually come to falls in May.A day before Tenchi festival, monks make various religious cakes and preparation is made.
Every four days the monks perform the Vajra Kilaya Puja and Mahakala Puja in Thupchen Monastery. On the first day,puja is perform the whole day and finishes rituals on the second day before lunch.Rituals are performs in the compound infront of the palace.
On the third day ritual dances are performs wearing various kinds of masks and pious ancient traditional costumes. On the last day religious cakes are thrown towards the direction shown by astrologer. The King of Mustang and other representatives of various VDCs took part on this day.
The festival reflects the rich cultural heritage of Upper Mustang.
Tiji Festival Upper Mustang trekking Trip Highlights
- 18 days private guided trek to Lo-Manthang Mustang
- Enjoy a whole proceeding of the Tiji festival as a live audience
- Experience cultural heritage of the Lost Kingdom of Lo Manthang
- Participate to dance and sing the traditional music which has a great influence on Tibetan Buddhism.
- Feel spiritual as you walk through many Monasteries, Chortens & Buddhist shrines
- Enjoy the most beautiful landscapes & colorful farmland
- Enjoy visiting Tibetan border closed to the Lo Manthang
- Explore Kaligandaki valley to enjoy natural diversity